[1] Penner, Barbara. Bathroom. London: Reaktion Books, 2013. p.18

[2] Slavoj Zizek on “Toilets and Ideology,” www.youtube.com; The Plague of Fantasies (London: 2008) pp. 4-5. Quoted in Penner p.14

[3] Blumenthal, Dara. Little Vast Rooms of Undoing: Exploring Identity and Embodiment Through Public Toilet Spaces. New York, London: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014.

[4] Douglas, Mary. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. London: Routledge, 1966. p. 35.

[5] Grosz, Elizabeth. Volatile Bodies. Toward a Corporeal Feminism. St. Leonard’s: Allen and Unwin. 1994. p.193.

[6] Abel, Elizabeth. Bathroom Doors and Drinking Fountains: Jim Crow's Racial Symbolic.

[7] Miller, Ian Miller. “The Senses.” In The Anatomy of Disgust. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard

University Press, 1997.

[8] Helen Molesworth. “Bathrooms and Kitchens: Cleaning House with Duchamp.” In Plumbing:

Sounding Modern Architecture. Ed. Nadair Lahji & D.S. Friedman. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1997.

[9] Lupton, Ellen and Miller, J. Abbot Miller. The Bathroom, the Kitchen and the Aesthetics of Waste. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1992.

[10] Baldwin, Peter C. “Public Privacy: Restrooms in American Cities 1869–1932” Journal of Social History. Volume 48. No 2 (2014) p. 264-288.

[11] Kogan, Terry. 2007. “Sex-Separation in Public Restrooms: Law Architecture, and Gender.” Michigan Journal of Law.